Navigation Links
A dual look at photosystem II using the world's most powerful X-ray laser
Date:2/14/2013

teria, is the only known biological system able to harness sunlight for the oxidation of water into molecular oxygen. Photooxidation of water by photosystem II is responsible for most of the oxygen in Earth's atmosphere. At the core of photosystem II is a manganese-calcium (Mn4Ca) complex that when energized by solar photons catalyzes a four photon-step cycle of oxidation states (S1-to-S4) that ultimately yield molecular oxygen. Scientists need to observe intact X-ray crystallography of the Mn4Ca ion in action but the molecule is highly sensitive to radiation.

"X-ray damage to metalloenzyme crystals has been a big issue for scientists even when the crystals were imaged at cryogenic temperatures," Yachandra says. "The LCLS is the world's only source of X-rays at this time capable of providing femtosecond pulses at the high intensities that enabled us to image intact photosystem II crystals before they were destroyed by exposure to the X-ray beams."

SLAC's LCLS is an X-ray free electron laser (XFEL) powered by a two-mile-long linear accelerator (or linac) that generates pulses of X-ray light on a femtosecond timescale. These pulses are more than a billion times brighter than those from the most powerful synchrotrons. SLAC is operated by Stanford University on behalf of DOE.

With their simultaneous XRD/XES experiments, Yano, Yachandra and their colleagues were able to observe the geometric structure and follow changes in the electronic structure of the Mn4Ca catalyst as they pumped the photosystem II crystal with visible-light laser pulses to simulate solar photons.

"We were able to unequivocally show that both the photosystem II complex and the Mn4Ca complex remain intact through the first two steps (S1 and S2) of the photooxidation process," says Yachandra.

Says Nicholas Sauter, Berkeley Lab computer scientist and a co-author of the study, "To be able to draw these conclusions, we've developed new software tools and are l
'/>"/>

Contact: Lynn Yarris
lcyarris@lbl.gov
510-486-5375
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Source:Eurekalert  

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Nature Methods study: Using light to control cell clustering
2. Scientists using holiday snaps to identify whale sharks
3. Triple-negative breast cancer subtypes identified using microRNA
4. Just add water: How scientists are using silicon to produce hydrogen on demand
5. Using snail teeth to improve solar cells and batteries
6. MVI and Inovio partner to develop malaria vaccines using innovative vaccine delivery tech
7. USDA explores using novel genetic labs for faster detection of E. coli
8. Improving the development of new cancer models using an advanced biomedical imaging method
9. Got food allergies? Thanks to UCLA, you can test your meal on the spot using a cell phone
10. Using computational biology for the annotation of proteins
11. Detective work using terahertz radiation
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
A dual look at photosystem II using the world's most powerful X-ray laser
(Date:12/4/2014)... , Dec. 3, 2014  Crossmatch™, a ... announced that its DigitalPersona ® Pro Enterprise ... have been deployed throughout First Bank branch locations ... South Carolina and Virginia. First Bank, ... Southern Pines, North Carolina , selected ...
(Date:11/21/2014)... MOUNTAIN VIEW, Calif. , Nov. 20, 2014 /PRNewswire/ ... for higher driver efficiency are piloting the North American ... the number of accidents growing, gesture recognition systems that ... will make a mark in the industry. ... of the Automotive Gesture Recognition Market in ...
(Date:11/18/2014)... BETHESDA, Md. , Nov. 17, 2014 The ... European and U.S. regulatory agencies will speak and at least ... Quality Metrics Conference at the Omni Shoreham Hotel in ... is pleased once again to have significant support from the ... and Europe in our effort to ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):First Bank Partners with Crossmatch to Increase Log In Security 2First Bank Partners with Crossmatch to Increase Log In Security 3Gesture Recognition Intensifies with the Rise of In-car Smartphone Integration, Says Frost & Sullivan 2Gesture Recognition Intensifies with the Rise of In-car Smartphone Integration, Says Frost & Sullivan 3Gesture Recognition Intensifies with the Rise of In-car Smartphone Integration, Says Frost & Sullivan 4FDA's Janet Woodcock, EMA's Emer Cooke Headline PDA Quality Metrics Conference 2
... press release is available in French . ... Laval researchers and their colleagues from the Canadian Forest Service ... and fir has remained very much the same for over ... between today,s conifers and fossils dating back to the days ...
... Rochelle, NY, December 13A leading scientific society of university ... research in the sciences and technologies of environmental protection, ... (AEESP) , has selected the peer-reviewed journal ... Environmental Engineering Science is read around the ...
... animal cell is like a small city, with factoriescalled ... life functions. A network of intercellular "highways," called microtubules, ... speedily about the cell to keep this vital machinery ... Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences ...
Cached Biology News:Your Christmas tree and its genome have remained very much the same over the last 100 million years 2Association of Environmental Engineering and Science Professors name Environmental Engineering Science as its official journal 2Study sheds light on how cells transport materials along crowded intercellular 'highways' 2Study sheds light on how cells transport materials along crowded intercellular 'highways' 3
(Date:12/17/2014)... (PRWEB) December 17, 2014 Gene ... that it has entered into a technology access ... (ADM) to apply DNA2.0’s proprietary protein engineering technology, ... process. , “We are extremely excited that the ... platform. This proprietary bioengineering technology has now ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... SOUTH SAN FRANCISCO, Calif. , Dec. 17, ... positive results of a Phase 2 study evaluating ... for the treatment of patients with severe, chronic ... the current standard of care, including topical steroids ... endpoint was percent change in Visual Analog Scale ...
(Date:12/15/2014)...  GlassesOff Inc. (OTCBB: GLSO) announced today the appointment ... director of the Company,s Board of Directors. ... its CEO until its acquisition by Stanley Black ... Recognized as the inventor of the first Wi-Fi-based Active ... -based RFID solutions focused on improving operational efficiency, safety ...
(Date:12/13/2014)... (PRWEB) December 12, 2014 Clarassance, a ... announced its new name: Therabron Therapeutics , Inc. ... and bronchioles (a type of structure in the lungs ... company’s mission to develop novel protein therapeutics for the ... directors decided to change the name to mark the ...
Breaking Biology Technology:ADM and DNA2.0 Enter Into Protein Engineering Technology Access and Service Agreement 2Velocity Pharmaceutical Development, LLC and Tigercat Pharma, Inc. Announce Phase 2 Results for VPD-737 in Patients With Chronic Pruritus 2Velocity Pharmaceutical Development, LLC and Tigercat Pharma, Inc. Announce Phase 2 Results for VPD-737 in Patients With Chronic Pruritus 3Velocity Pharmaceutical Development, LLC and Tigercat Pharma, Inc. Announce Phase 2 Results for VPD-737 in Patients With Chronic Pruritus 4AeroScout Founder Joins GlassesOff's Board of Directors 2AeroScout Founder Joins GlassesOff's Board of Directors 3Maryland-based Biotech Company's Path Forward in Treating Respiratory Diseases Sparks Name Change 2
... - Mercedes Walton, Chairman and CEO of Cryo-Cell International ... Fla., March 17 As the CEO of Cryo-Cell ... bank, Mercedes Walton has been an active participant in ... She has seen first-hand the changes that have taken ...
... Spiral Biotech, an Advanced Instruments company, will ... -- which delivers faster cycle times, a ... processing speed and efficiency in microbiology laboratories -- ... Meeting in May, 2009."The introduction of the new ...
... Ferring Pharmaceuticals Inc., a specialty pharmaceutical company, ... to Senior Vice President of the Ferring International ... for Ferring Pharmaceuticals Inc. Dr. Korner was ... Orthopaedics, Urology, and Gastroenterology therapeutic areas, as well ...
Cached Biology Technology:Stem Cell Industry Insider Mercedes Walton Discusses President Obama's Stem Cell Executive Order 2Stem Cell Industry Insider Mercedes Walton Discusses President Obama's Stem Cell Executive Order 3Spiral Biotech to Introduce New Autoplate Spiral Plating System at ASM General Meeting in May 2Spiral Biotech to Introduce New Autoplate Spiral Plating System at ASM General Meeting in May 3Dr. Paul Korner Promoted to Senior Vice President of Ferring International PharmaScience Center U.S. 2
...
Whole blood is collected from healthy guinea pigs of either sex from US source which are free of visible diseases at time of blood collection. Hemolytic titer: CH50 = 435 units...
... l-[35S]in vitro cell labeling mix, ... *Aqueous solution stabilized with 0.1% ... pyridine 3,4-dicarboxylic acid. *Amino acid ... labeling containing l-[35S]Methionine and l-[35S]Cysteine. ...
...
Biology Products: