Navigation Links
23andMe and ALSPAC identify 16 new genetic associations for pollen, dust-mite and cat allergies
Date:7/2/2013

Mountain View, Calif. The largest genome-wide association study ever conducted on common allergies, including pollen, dust-mite and cat allergies, has identified 16 new genetic associations related to the condition. The study, conducted in collaboration between 23andMe, the leading personal genetics company, and the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), examined data for more than 53,000 individuals. The study also identified eight genetic variations for allergies that have previously been associated with asthma. Genes implicated in the study highlight a series of key pathways in the biological basis of common allergies.

Allergies and allergic asthma are among the most common diseases in the industrialized world. In the United States, a 2005 survey showed that more than half of the population tested positive for sensitization to at least one of 10 common allergens, a considerable increase over results of the same survey performed approximately 10 years earlier.[i]

"We've seen some substantial increases in prevalence of allergies and asthma," said David Hinds, Ph.D., author and 23andMe principal scientist. "Although environmental factors certainly play a role, our study reinforces the genetic link between common allergens and a person's susceptibility to experiencing an allergic reaction. Additionally, current estimates of the heritability of allergies are high, which suggests that understanding the genetic factors underlying allergic conditions may be key to understanding who might be most likely to suffer from allergies and how the condition might best be treated."

The study, titled "A Genome-Wide Association Meta-Analysis of Self-Reported Allergy Identifies Shared and Allergy-Specific Susceptibility Loci" was published online on June 30, 2013 in Nature Genetics, a leading monthly, international scientific journal.

23andMe selected three common self-reported allergy phenotypes pollen, dust-mite and cat allergies for which comparable data was available both in the 23andMe research community and in a cohort from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC). Data from both organizations was then included in a genome-wide association meta-analysis.

"Allergy is an important component of many diseases, including asthma, eczema and hay fever, which together account for a huge burden on patients and the health services." said professor John Henderson of ALSPAC. "This is a very exciting time for allergy research. Genetic discoveries have identified specific pathways of allergy development that are not shared with allergic diseases like asthma. Understanding these pathways could lead to eventual development of drugs that cure or prevent allergy rather than just suppressing its symptoms."

"One of the key features of this work is the demonstration that with a suitably sized study, the analysis of medically relevant questionnaire data alongside genetic variation has the potential to yield important information concerning the underlying biology of a complex outcome," said Dr. Nic Timpson of ALSPAC. "Indeed, through this collaborative interaction with colleagues from EAGLE where specific tests of allergic sensitization were available, we were able to independently replicate many of the findings made here."

Also published on June 30, 2013 in Nature Genetics was a companion study called, "Meta-Analysis of Genome-Wide Association Studies Identifies 10 Loci Influencing Allergic Sensitization". This study had similar methodology to the 23andMe/ALSPAC study but was conducted by the Early Genetics and Lifecourse Epidemiology research cohort (EAGLE) using clinically defined data instead of self-reported data. This provided the opportunity to compare results of self-reported data to study results based on clinically defined data. The results from the studies were generally very consistent, highlighting many of the same genes and pathways.

"This coordinated approach to research significantly accelerates the replication and validation processes associated with solidifying new genetic discoveries," said David Hinds, Ph.D, 23andMe principal scientist.

"Through this collaborative effort, we have identified several genes that are responsible for a considerable proportion of allergy in the population," said Klaus Bnnelykke, MD, PhD and principal scientist from EAGLE. "This is an important step in allergy research."


'/>"/>

Contact: Kendra Brogden
kbrogden@wcgworld.com
415-658-9765
23andMe Inc.
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. 23andMe identifies multiple genetic factors impacting development of nearsightedness
2. 23andMes Ancestry Composition reveals peoples ancestral origins going back 500+ years
3. 23andMe scientists receive more than $500,000 in National Institutes of Health funding
4. 23andMe Names Christine Castro, Neil Rothstein and Jonathan Ward to Leadership Positions
5. 23andMe opens its API to developers
6. 23andMe contributes to genetic discoveries related to male pattern baldness
7. 23andMe identifies 5 significant genetic associations for hypothyroidism
8. Scientists identify promising antiviral compounds
9. NIH to fund collaborations with industry to identify new uses for existing compounds
10. Study helps managers identify regions with multiple threat potential, including wildfires
11. Iris Biometrics Leader EyeLock Joins the FIDO Alliance to Help Identify More Secure Replacement for Usernames and Passwords
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/22/2016)... 2016 On Monday, the Department of Homeland ... share solutions for the Biometric Exit Program. The Request ... Protection (CBP), explains that CBP intends to add biometrics ... the United States , in order to deter ... Logo - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160622/382209LOGO ...
(Date:6/9/2016)... 9, 2016  Perkotek an innovation leader in attendance control systems is proud to ... hours, for employers to make sure the right employees are actually signing in, and ... ... ... ...
(Date:6/2/2016)... The Weather Company , an IBM Business (NYSE: IBM ... which consumers will be able to interact with IBM Watson ... or text and receive relevant information about the product or ... long sought an advertising solution that can create a one-to-one ... valuable; and can scale across millions of interactions and touchpoints. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:12/4/2016)... ... December 03, 2016 , ... ... A microbiome impact grant award has been made to Dr. Renato Polimanti of ... and drinking on the oral microbiome. Grant proposals have been vetted by the ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... 02, 2016 , ... In anticipation of AxioMed’s exclusive cleanroom ... company President, Jake Lubinski will be traveling to Switzerland from December 5-10. Mr. ... Lucerne, and Zurich to discuss the benefits of a viscoelastic disc. AxioMed received ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... Dec. 2, 2016 Amgen (NASDAQ: AMGN ... announced the submission of a Marketing Authorization Application (MAA) to ... candidate to Avastin ® (bevacizumab). The companies believe this ... EMA. "The submission of ABP 215 to ... expand our oncology portfolio," said Sean E. Harper , ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 01, 2016 , ... ACEA Biosciences, Inc. announced today that it will ... AC0010 at the World Conference on Lung Cancer 2016, taking place in Vienna, Austria ... I/II clinical trials for AC0010 in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer harboring ...
Breaking Biology Technology: