Navigation Links
Coenzyme A


Coenzyme A (CoA, CoASH, or HSCoA) is adapted from pantothenic acid and adenosine triphosphate and used in metabolism in areas such as fatty acid oxidization and the citric acid cycle. Its main function is to carry acyl groups such as acetyl as thioesters. A molecule of coenzyme A carrying an acetyl group is also referred to as acetyl-CoA.

Acetyl-CoA is an important molecule itself. It is the precursor to HMG CoA, which is a vital component in cholesterol and ketone synthesis. Furthermore, it contributes the acetyl group to acetylcholine; the addition of the acetyl group to choline a reaction that is catalysed by choline acetyltransferase. Its main task is conveying the carbon atoms within the acetyl group to the citric acid cycle to be oxidized for energy production.

The conversion of pyruvate into Acetyl-CoA is referred to as the Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Reaction. It is catalyzed by an enzyme-complex called pyruvate dehydrogenase. The enzyme consists of 60 subunits: 24 pyruvate dehydrogenase, 24 dihydrolipoyl transacetylase , and 12 dihydrolipoyl dehydrogenase (commonly denoted E1, E2, and E3). 24 pyruvate dehydrogenase has the coenzyme TPP incorporated into it, 24 dihydrolipoyl transacetylase has lipoate and coenzyme A, and 12 dihydrolipoyl dehydrogenase has the coenzymes FAD and NAD+. Through a complex reaction, pyruvate is decarboxylated and turned into acetaldehyde, then attached to coenzyme A while NAD+ is subsequently reduced to NADH and H+.

See also


'"/>


(Date:3/20/2015)... --Research and Markets ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/rswjb4/hand_geometry ) has announced ... Business Report" report to their offering. This ... Thousands. The report provides separate comprehensive analytics for the US, ... Europe , Asia-Pacific , ... Annual estimates and forecasts are provided for the ...
(Date:3/19/2015)... March 19, 2015  NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD ... on the growing mobile commerce market, announces its biometric payment ... clip that aired this week on Washington DC,s ... In a segment "The Next Great Thing", host ... way to pay, and ,a really big breakthrough in mobile ...
(Date:3/17/2015)... March 17, 2015 Emotient, the leader ... today announced general availability of Emotient Analytics ... the analysis of facial expressions. The system analyzes ... content, products and services. It delivers audience response ... sentiment - as derived from facial evidence of ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Hand Geometry - Global Strategic Business Report 2015: An Essential Security Component for both Government & Enterprise Sector 2Hand Geometry - Global Strategic Business Report 2015: An Essential Security Component for both Government & Enterprise Sector 3Hand Geometry - Global Strategic Business Report 2015: An Essential Security Component for both Government & Enterprise Sector 4NXT-ID's Wocket Smart Wallet Featured on Fox News Segment, "The Next Great Thing" 2NXT-ID's Wocket Smart Wallet Featured on Fox News Segment, "The Next Great Thing" 3New Emotient Web Service Measures Audience Response Using On-Demand Facial Expression Analysis 2New Emotient Web Service Measures Audience Response Using On-Demand Facial Expression Analysis 3New Emotient Web Service Measures Audience Response Using On-Demand Facial Expression Analysis 4
... Fluctuations in penguin populations in the Antarctic are linked more ... to changes in their habitats, according to a new study ... Academy of Sciences . Funded in part by the Lenfest ... "winners" of changing conditions, such as large-scale ice melting, may ...
... NEW YORK (April 11, 2011) -- Weill Cornell Medical ... Surgeons have announced that The Mortimer D. Sackler, M.D. ... awarded to The Rockefeller University,s Dr. Fernando Nottebohm for ... the discovery of neuronal replacement. Dr. Nottebohm is ...
... FINDINGS: Certain differentiated cells in breast tissue can spontaneously ... researchers. Until now, scientific dogma has stated that differentiation ... return to the flexible stem-cell state on their own. ... well as for breast cancer cells. RELEVANCE: ...
Cached Biology News:Penguins that shun ice still lose big from a warming climate 2Sackler Prize awarded to pioneering neuroscientist 2Sackler Prize awarded to pioneering neuroscientist 3Scientists identify a surprising new source of cancer stem cells 2Scientists identify a surprising new source of cancer stem cells 3
Other biology definitionOther Tags