Navigation Links
Anton van Leeuwenhoek


Anton van Leeuwenhoek

Anton van Leeuwenhoek (October 24, 1632 - August 26, 1723) was a tradesman and scientist from Delft, in the Netherlands. He is best known for his contribution to improvement of the microscope and his contributions towards the establishment of cell biology. Using his handcrafted microscope he was the first to observe and describe muscle fibres, bacteria, spermatozoa and blood flow in capillaries (small blood vessels).

His name at birth was Thonis Philipszoon. His letters were signed Antoni van Leeuwenhoek. He was probably known as van Leeuwenhoek from a young age because he was born in a house at the corner of Lion's Gate in Delft. Van Leeuwenhoek translates as "from lion's corner".

Van Leeuwenhoek ground over 500 optical lenses during his lifetime. His microscope was used and improved by Christiaan Huygens for his own investigations into microscopy. He was introduced to microscopy by Huygens to observe the quality of the fabrics that he sold. From there, he grew an insatiable interest for the field. He spent his nights studying everything he could and carefully noted his observations. Unfortunately, he only spoke Dutch while the scientific language of the time was Latin. He wrote to Robert Hooke who knew both Dutch and Latin, and Hooke instantly realized the quality and pertinence of Leeuwenhoek's work. Their correspondence was translated by Hooke into Latin and published in the proceedings of the Royal Society.

"No more pleasant sight has met my eye than this of so many thousands of living creatures in one small drop of water..." - Stated after his discovery of the microscopic world over three centuries ago.

He is thought by some to have been the model for Vermeer's painting The Geographer (Stadelsches Kunstinstitut, Frankfurt-am-Main). Vermeer and van Leeuwenhoek were baptised the same month, in the same church. After Vermeer died, van Leeuwenhoek was appointed curator for the financial affairs of Vermeer's widow. This has led some people to believe that the two must have been friends, even though acting as a curator was part of van Leeuwenhoek's job as a chamberlain of Delft.

Van Leeuwenhoek appeared on an unused design for a 10 guilder note done by M.C. Escher in 1951.

The Dutch Royal Academy presents (every 10 years) the Leeuwenhoek medal to the scientist judged to have made the decade's most significant finding in microbiology. This is regarded by microbiologists as the highest honor in their field.

External links


'"/>


(Date:7/23/2014)... -- BCC Research ( www.bccresearch.com ... AND TECHNOLOGIES FOR SENSORS , the global market for ... nearly $154.4 billion by 2020, with a five-year compound ... and level sensors segment is moving at a significant ... , Sensors have become indispensable to many ...
(Date:7/23/2014)... news release is available in German . ... varying sensory modalities for orientation, some of which might ... example take the polarization pattern produced by sunlight in ... from the Max Planck Institute for Ornithology in Seewiesen, ... from Israel that a night active mammal, the greater ...
(Date:7/23/2014)... are packed with healthful compounds, and now lab tests ... as prescription anti-diabetic medication, scientists report. In their new ... Food Chemistry , they found that how the herbs ... which compounds contribute the most to this promising trait. ... that in 2012, type-2 diabetes affected more than 8 ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Global Market for Sensors to Reach Nearly $154.4 Billion in 2020; Image Sensors Moving at 11.7% 2Global Market for Sensors to Reach Nearly $154.4 Billion in 2020; Image Sensors Moving at 11.7% 3Bats use the evening sky's polarization pattern for orientation 2
... papers appearing in the prestigioous journal Science ... Besansky, a professor of biological sciences and a member ... University of Notre Dame, provided evidence that Anopheles gambiae, ... the malaria parasite in Sub-Saharan Africa, is evolving into ...
... a mouse that can run on a treadmill twice ... supply of acetylcholine, the neurotransmitter essential for muscle contraction., ... could lead to new treatments for neuromuscular disorders such ... fail to reach the muscles, said Randy Blakely, Ph.D., ...
... While Yellowstone,s celebrated bison may be among the ... habits and increasing numbers have raised questions about the ... the National Park Service has partnered with Syracuse University ... climate change and herbivores on the park,s grasslands over ...
Cached Biology News:New study examines immunity in emerging species of a major mosquito carrer of malaria 2Boosting supply of key brain chemical reduces fatigue in mice 2SU biologist partners with National Park Service to study bison grazing in Yellowstone 2SU biologist partners with National Park Service to study bison grazing in Yellowstone 3
Other biology definitionOther Tags