Navigation Links
Anton van Leeuwenhoek


Anton van Leeuwenhoek

Anton van Leeuwenhoek (October 24, 1632 - August 26, 1723) was a tradesman and scientist from Delft, in the Netherlands. He is best known for his contribution to improvement of the microscope and his contributions towards the establishment of cell biology. Using his handcrafted microscope he was the first to observe and describe muscle fibres, bacteria, spermatozoa and blood flow in capillaries (small blood vessels).

His name at birth was Thonis Philipszoon. His letters were signed Antoni van Leeuwenhoek. He was probably known as van Leeuwenhoek from a young age because he was born in a house at the corner of Lion's Gate in Delft. Van Leeuwenhoek translates as "from lion's corner".

Van Leeuwenhoek ground over 500 optical lenses during his lifetime. His microscope was used and improved by Christiaan Huygens for his own investigations into microscopy. He was introduced to microscopy by Huygens to observe the quality of the fabrics that he sold. From there, he grew an insatiable interest for the field. He spent his nights studying everything he could and carefully noted his observations. Unfortunately, he only spoke Dutch while the scientific language of the time was Latin. He wrote to Robert Hooke who knew both Dutch and Latin, and Hooke instantly realized the quality and pertinence of Leeuwenhoek's work. Their correspondence was translated by Hooke into Latin and published in the proceedings of the Royal Society.

"No more pleasant sight has met my eye than this of so many thousands of living creatures in one small drop of water..." - Stated after his discovery of the microscopic world over three centuries ago.

He is thought by some to have been the model for Vermeer's painting The Geographer (Stadelsches Kunstinstitut, Frankfurt-am-Main). Vermeer and van Leeuwenhoek were baptised the same month, in the same church. After Vermeer died, van Leeuwenhoek was appointed curator for the financial affairs of Vermeer's widow. This has led some people to believe that the two must have been friends, even though acting as a curator was part of van Leeuwenhoek's job as a chamberlain of Delft.

Van Leeuwenhoek appeared on an unused design for a 10 guilder note done by M.C. Escher in 1951.

The Dutch Royal Academy presents (every 10 years) the Leeuwenhoek medal to the scientist judged to have made the decade's most significant finding in microbiology. This is regarded by microbiologists as the highest honor in their field.

External links


'"/>


(Date:10/18/2014)... 2,000 patients referred for evaluation of suspected genetic ... for 25 percent, including detection of a number ... to disease, according to a study appearing in ... to coincide with the American Society of Human ... exons or coding regions of thousands of genes ...
(Date:10/17/2014)... knowledge regarding Ebola is critical and pertinent for practicing ... global outbreak and epidemic. The Journal, Disaster Medicine ... issue, Ebola Virus and Public Health, to surround the ... this critical societal moment. , On October 17, ... Clinicians . The primer was prepared by Dr. Eric ...
(Date:10/17/2014)... of Copenhagen have shown for the first time how ... fibrosis patients, giving them the opportunity to get tremendous ... , The study also discovered the bacterial growth in ... halted or slowed down by the immune cells. The ... and helped "suffocate" the bacteria, forcing the bacteria to ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Whole-exome sequencing shows potential as diagnostic tool 2Scientists opens black box on bacterial growth in cystic fibrosis lung infection 2
... MADISON, WI, MARCH 1, 2011 Methane ... permafrost, termites, oceans, freshwater bodies, non-wetland soils, are all ... methane presence ca n be accredited to human-related activities. ... burning, waste management and animal husbandry. The release of ...
... available in Spanish . , Those who ... and teas may tend to overlook the benefits of drinking ... Agricultural Research magazine, the idea that herbal teas may provide ... U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)-funded scientists in Boston, Mass., ...
... release is available in Spanish . ... (UPV/EHU), has developed genetic-molecular tools, with the intention of completing ... equine breeds in the Basque Country Autonomous Community (CAPVEAE) and ... DNA sequence) and certain SNPs (a kind of variation in ...
Cached Biology News:Measuring methane 2Don't underestimate the power of herbal teas 2Basque thesis investigates wide diversity within certain ovine, bovine and equine breeds 2Basque thesis investigates wide diversity within certain ovine, bovine and equine breeds 3
Other biology definitionOther Tags