Navigation Links
Andrew Huxley


Sir Andrew Fielding Huxley OM FRS (born 22 November 1917, Hampstead, London, England, UK) is a British physiologist and biophysicist, who won the 1963 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his work with Alan Lloyd Hodgkin on the basis of nerve "action potentials," the electrical impulses that enable the activity of an organism to be coordinated by a central nervous system. Hodgkin and Huxley shared the prize that year with John Carew Eccles, who was cited for research on synapses. Hodgkin and Huxley's findings led the pair to hypothesize ion channels, which were confirmed only decades later.

The experimental measurements on which the pair based their action potential theory represent one of the earliest applications of a technique of electrophysiology known as the "voltage clamp". The second critical element of their research was the so-called giant axon of Atlantic squid (Loligo pealei), which enabled them to record ionic currents as they would not have been able to do in almost any other neuron, such cells being too small to study by the techniques of the time. The experiments took place at the University of Cambridge beginning in the 1930s and continuing into the 1940s, after interruption by World War II. The pair published their theory in 1952. He currently maintains his position as a fellow at Trinity College, Cambridge, teaching in physiology, natural sciences and medicine.

Huxley was a son of the writer and editor Leonard Huxley by his second wife Rosalind Bruce, and hence half-brother of Aldous Huxley and grandson of the biologist T. H. Huxley.

External link


'"/>


(Date:4/24/2014)... common plant puts out a welcome mat to bacteria seeking ... , The study published this week in the Proceedings ... during the battle between microbe and host that researchers can ... humble and oft-studied plant Arabidopsis puts out a ... as if a hostile army were unknowingly passing by a ...
(Date:4/23/2014)... This news release is available in French and ... woman? Male or female? In humans and other mammals, the difference ... Y chromosome. It is present only in males, where the two ... chromosomes. Thus, the Y is ultimately responsible for all the morphological ... not always been the case. A very long time ago, the ...
(Date:4/23/2014)... male black widow spiders prefer their female mates to ... preference by male spiders. , The study, ... a professor in UTSC,s Department of Biological Sciences, found ... males overwhelmingly chose to mate with well-fed, unmated females. ... a potential mate is well-fed and unmated by pheromones ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):How a plant beckons the bacteria that will do it harm 2How a plant beckons the bacteria that will do it harm 3Male or female? 2Male or female? 3Picky male black widow spiders prefer well-fed virgins 2
... and, new research shows, an infrared laser can make a ... and Vanderbilt University found that pulsed light can pace contractions ... the tissue. The work, "Optical pacing of the embryonic heart," ... Nature Photonics on Aug. 15, 2010. According to ...
... 27 BIO-key International, Inc. (OTC Bulletin Board: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20050509/BIOKEYLOGO ) ... What: , BIO-key International, Inc. Second Quarter ... Thursday, July 29, 2010 - 10:00 a.m. Eastern Time ... Live via phone by dialing 800-860-2442 and asking for the BIO-key call ...
... 13, 2010The easy accessibility of the eye and the ... offer hope for using gene therapy to provide long-term ... Human Gene Therapy, a peer-reviewed journal published by Mary ... replacement of a human gene to preserve photoreceptor function ...
Cached Biology News:A heart beats to a different drummer 2BIO-key® Announces Second Quarter 2010 Earnings Release and Conference Call Schedule 2BIO-key® Announces Second Quarter 2010 Earnings Release and Conference Call Schedule 3Promising results of gene therapy to treat diseases of the eye 2
Other biology definitionOther Tags