Navigation Links
Anatomy


There is a historical type of English poetry called an anatomy, or more precisely an amatory anatomy . It is a love sonnet dedicated to describing the parts of a lover's anatomy, usually female.
Anatomical drawing of the human muscles from the Encyclopdie.

Anatomy (from the Greek anatome, from ana-temnein, to cut up), is the branch of biology that deals with the structure and organization of living things; thus there is animal anatomy (zootomy) and plant anatomy (phytonomy). The major branches of anatomy include comparative anatomy and human anatomy.

Animal anatomy may include the study of the structure of different animals, when it is called comparative anatomy or animal morphology, or it may be limited to one animal only, in which case it is spoken of as special anatomy.

From a utilitarian point of view the study of humans is the most important division of special anatomy, and this human anatomy may be approached from different points of view. From that of Medicine it consists of a knowledge of the exact form, position, size and relationship of the various structures of the healthy human body, and to this study the term descriptive or topographical human anatomy is given, though it is often, less happily, spoken of as anthropotomy.

So intricate is the human body that only a small number of professional human anatomists, after years of patient observation, are complete masters of all its details; most of them specialize on certain parts, such as the brain or viscera, contenting themselves with a good working knowledge of the rest. Topographical anatomy must be learned by repeated dissection and inspection of dead human bodies. It is no more a science than a pilot's knowledge is, and, like that knowledge, must be exact and available in moments of emergency.

From the morphological point of view, however, human anatomy is a scientific and fascinating study, having for its object the discovery of the causes which have brought about the existing structure of humans, and needing a knowledge of the allied sciences of embryology or developmental biology, phylogeny, and histology.

Pathological anatomy (or morbid anatomy) is the study of diseased organs, while sections of normal anatomy, applied to various purposes, receive special names such as medical, surgical, gynaecological, artistic and superficial anatomy. The comparison of the anatomy of different races of humans is part of the science of physical anthropology or anthropological anatomy. In the present edition of this work the subject of anatomy is treated systematically rather than topographically. Each anatomical article contains first a description of the structures of an organ or system (such as nerves, arteries, heart, and so forth), as it is found in humans; this is followed by an account of the development (embryology) and comparative anatomy (morphology), as far as vertebrate animals are concerned; but only those parts of the lower animals which are of interest in explaining human body structure are here dealt with. The articles have a twofold purpose; first, to give enough details of structure to make the articles on physiology, surgery, medicine and pathology intelligible; and, secondly, to give the non-expert inquirer, or the worker in some other branch of science, the chief theories on which the modern scientific groundwork of anatomy is built.

See also

External links




'"/>


(Date:11/18/2014)... Nov. 18, 2014   EyeLock Inc. , ... and MorphoTrust USA (Safran), a leading ... announced a strategic partnership to offer comprehensive biometric ... administration (MVA), airport screening and financial services markets. ... MorphoTrust serves consumers through a nationwide network of ...
(Date:11/12/2014)... , Nov. 12, 2014 Crossmatch™, a ... that its U.are.U ® fingerprint readers have been ... in Central Mexico . The bakery ... to eliminate payroll issues caused by employees clocking in ... the U.are.U fingerprint readers, Montparnasse relied on paper timecards ...
(Date:11/10/2014)... U.S. store shelves in early 2010, and people have ... packets can be tossed into a washing machine without ... The convenience, though, has come with risks for young ... Children,s Hospital found that from 2012 through 2013, U.S. ... than 6 years of age swallowing, inhaling, or otherwise ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):EyeLock, MorphoTrust Form Strategic Partnership to Pursue Commercial Enterprise Deployments 2EyeLock, MorphoTrust Form Strategic Partnership to Pursue Commercial Enterprise Deployments 3Montparnasse Pasteleria Achieves Time and Attendance Transparency with Crossmatch U.are.U Fingerprint Readers 2Study finds laundry detergent pods, serious poisoning risk for children 2
... Jan. 7, 2013 Halting climate change will require "a ... eradicate harmful carbon dioxide emissions, not just stabilize them, according ... In a Jan. 9 paper in Environmental Research Letters ... take a fresh look at the popular "wedge" approach to ...
... from Italy and their offspring form one of the largest ... their state of health and risk of mortality. In a ... University of Zurich,s Institute of Social and Preventative Medicine calculated ... Immigrants from Italy live longer than ...
... New research led by the Karolinska Institutet, Sweden and the ... human gene and the composition of human gastrointestinal bacteria. In ... Gut , the team outline new evidence suggesting that the ... of the billions of microbes in the human gastrointestinal tract ...
Cached Biology News:Major cuts to surging CO2 emissions are needed now, not down the road, study finds 2Italian immigrants live longer 2International study suggests human genes influence gut microbial composition 2
Other biology definitionOther Tags