Navigation Links
Anatomy


There is a historical type of English poetry called an anatomy, or more precisely an amatory anatomy . It is a love sonnet dedicated to describing the parts of a lover's anatomy, usually female.
Anatomical drawing of the human muscles from the Encyclopdie.

Anatomy (from the Greek anatome, from ana-temnein, to cut up), is the branch of biology that deals with the structure and organization of living things; thus there is animal anatomy (zootomy) and plant anatomy (phytonomy). The major branches of anatomy include comparative anatomy and human anatomy.

Animal anatomy may include the study of the structure of different animals, when it is called comparative anatomy or animal morphology, or it may be limited to one animal only, in which case it is spoken of as special anatomy.

From a utilitarian point of view the study of humans is the most important division of special anatomy, and this human anatomy may be approached from different points of view. From that of Medicine it consists of a knowledge of the exact form, position, size and relationship of the various structures of the healthy human body, and to this study the term descriptive or topographical human anatomy is given, though it is often, less happily, spoken of as anthropotomy.

So intricate is the human body that only a small number of professional human anatomists, after years of patient observation, are complete masters of all its details; most of them specialize on certain parts, such as the brain or viscera, contenting themselves with a good working knowledge of the rest. Topographical anatomy must be learned by repeated dissection and inspection of dead human bodies. It is no more a science than a pilot's knowledge is, and, like that knowledge, must be exact and available in moments of emergency.

From the morphological point of view, however, human anatomy is a scientific and fascinating study, having for its object the discovery of the causes which have brought about the existing structure of humans, and needing a knowledge of the allied sciences of embryology or developmental biology, phylogeny, and histology.

Pathological anatomy (or morbid anatomy) is the study of diseased organs, while sections of normal anatomy, applied to various purposes, receive special names such as medical, surgical, gynaecological, artistic and superficial anatomy. The comparison of the anatomy of different races of humans is part of the science of physical anthropology or anthropological anatomy. In the present edition of this work the subject of anatomy is treated systematically rather than topographically. Each anatomical article contains first a description of the structures of an organ or system (such as nerves, arteries, heart, and so forth), as it is found in humans; this is followed by an account of the development (embryology) and comparative anatomy (morphology), as far as vertebrate animals are concerned; but only those parts of the lower animals which are of interest in explaining human body structure are here dealt with. The articles have a twofold purpose; first, to give enough details of structure to make the articles on physiology, surgery, medicine and pathology intelligible; and, secondly, to give the non-expert inquirer, or the worker in some other branch of science, the chief theories on which the modern scientific groundwork of anatomy is built.

See also

External links




'"/>


(Date:11/5/2014)... professor of biology in the UTSA College of ... nation selected to receive a two-year $300,00 National ... Research (EAGER). The funding supports President Obama,s BRAIN ... create new technology that will demystify complex brain ... in neuroscience are broken into the interactions of ...
(Date:11/4/2014)... SALT LAKE CITY, Nov. 5, 2014 – University of ... uses enzymes to help jet fuel produce electricity without ... can be used to power portable electronics, off-grid power ... appears online today in the American Chemical Society journal ... into electricity through a chemical reaction between a fuel ...
(Date:11/4/2014)... 2014) — Think about the way our bodies are ... cells know that they are supposed to become a ... tissues find the correct place and alignment? Researchers at ... questions. , In a new study, UM researchers describe ... their surrounding neighbors, at the head-trunk region. Their discovery ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):UTSA biology professor awarded $300,000 NSF grant for brain research 2UTSA biology professor awarded $300,000 NSF grant for brain research 3Jet-fueled electricity at room temperature 2The inside story: How the brain and skull stay together 2
... Today, the International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF) recognized the outstanding ... Hong Kong, Malaysia and Pakistan. The IOF Young ... to the five highest scored abstracts submitted to the ... of 40. The Meeting, which closes today at the ...
... theory of evolution suggests that present-day organisms evolved from ... reshaped some of the enzymes that help complete chemical ... other life forms. Now a University of Iowa ... forms of the enzyme "dihydrofolate reductase" as it occurred ...
... HOUSTON (Dec. 12, 2013) Blending more ethanol into ... risk that toxic or even explosive gases may find their ... Those problems would likely occur in buildings with cracked ... spills. Vapors that rise from contaminated groundwater can be sucked ...
Cached Biology News:Young investigators awarded for research excellence at Hong Kong meeting 2UI researcher studies evolution on the molecular level 2Ethanol blends carry hidden risk 2Ethanol blends carry hidden risk 3
Other biology definitionOther Tags