Navigation Links
Albumin


You may be looking for albumen, or egg white.

Albumin is a blood plasma protein that is produced in the liver and forms a large proportion of all plasma protein. It is also found in egg white.

The normal range of albumin concentrations in human blood is 3.5 to 5.0 g/dL, and albumin normally constitutes about 60% of plasma protein; all other proteins present in blood plasma are referred to collectively as globulin. Albumin is essential for maintaining the oncotic pressure needed for proper distribution of body fluids between intravascular compartments and body tissues. Albumin is negatively charged. The glomerular basement membrane is also negatively charged, this prevents the filtration of albumin in the urine. In nephrotic syndrome, this property is lost, and there is more albumin loss in the urine.

Because smaller animals (for example rats) function at a lower blood pressure, they need less oncotic pressure to balance this, and thus need less albumin to maintain proper fluid distribution.

Functions of albumin:

  • Maintains oncotic pressure
  • Transports thyroid hormones
  • Transports other hormones, particularly fat soluble ones
  • Transports fatty acids ("free" fatty acids)
  • Transports unconjugated bilirubin
  • Transports many drugs
  • Competitively binds calcium ions (Ca2+)
  • Buffers pH

Causes of albumin deficiency:

  • Cirrhosis of the liver (most commonly)
  • Decreased production (as in starvation)
  • Excess excretion by the kidneys (as in nephrotic syndrome)
  • Excess loss in bowel (protein losing enteropathy)
  • Mutation causing albuminemia (very rare)

Links


'"/>


(Date:5/6/2015)... 2015 LifeBEAM, a developer of bio-sensing technology, ... today that they will expand their partnership in bio-sensing ... cycling helmet and the first joint project between the ... in order to give cyclists more style choices and ... and Lazer announced their plan to release a new ...
(Date:4/27/2015)... 27, 2015 NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD ... focused on the growing mobile commerce market, announces that ... customers the first week of May, 2015 and will ... May. Gino Pereira , Chief ... the company as Wocket® enters the consumer market. We ...
(Date:4/20/2015)... April 20, 2015 Huntington Memorial Hospital is ... implant a new miniaturized, wireless monitoring sensor to manage ... first and only FDA-approved heart failure monitoring device that ... used by physicians to manage heart failure. ... implanted in the pulmonary artery (PA) during a non-surgical ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):LifeBEAM and Lazer Announce Expanded Partnership in Bio-Sensing Sports Gear 2LifeBEAM and Lazer Announce Expanded Partnership in Bio-Sensing Sports Gear 3Wocket, the Smartest Wallet You Will Ever Own, Announces Shipment to Pre-order Customers 2Wocket, the Smartest Wallet You Will Ever Own, Announces Shipment to Pre-order Customers 3Huntington Memorial Hospital Becomes First in the San Gabriel Valley to Offer Patients a New Heart Failure Monitoring Solution 2Huntington Memorial Hospital Becomes First in the San Gabriel Valley to Offer Patients a New Heart Failure Monitoring Solution 3
... , SAN FRANCISCO, CANovember 11, 2013What does it mean ... ultimately, in the billions of lines of genetic code ... been deciphering that code. But now, researchers at the ... stretches of DNA control the development of uniquely human ...
... led by bioengineers at the University of California, San Diego ... E. coli cells and individual neurons from the human ... technique that confines genome amplification to fluid-filled wells with a ... published in the journal Nature Biotechnology on November ...
... at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine ... to govern regulated gene expression. The study was published on ... Nature Structural and Molecular Biology . "We uncovered ... RNA-binding proteins to induce a regulatory effect from ...
Cached Biology News:Fast-mutating DNA sequences shape early development; guided evolution of uniquely human traits 2Fast-mutating DNA sequences shape early development; guided evolution of uniquely human traits 3Single-cell genome sequencing gets better 2Single-cell genome sequencing gets better 3Un-junking junk DNA 2Un-junking junk DNA 3
Other biology definitionOther Tags